Excellent ideas! I have car keys in my bag. Read about how to make the future simple here. In this situation use of “would” is related to the past form of “will”. Economists use evidence from history and data that has been collected to help them make their predictions. Note that sentences like “Two people will be sitting on the teacher’s chair” are also likely to come up as the basic use of the Future Continuous is also for making predictions, so make sure you only use this game with classes you are prepared to explain that grammar to. Who do you think ______________ the next US presidential election? You can add more speaking to the task above by sitting half the students with their backs to the video screen. Jigsaw video predictions Thank you! The plane arrives at 18.00 tomorrow. Other graphs and trends activities with “will” A prediction is a statement that we make about the future. "When to use “Would” instead of “Will”." Students often ask: ‘Why do you have so many grammatical tenses? Thank you sir. I predict that we will have a hot summer in Ireland in 2016. I was listening but I have no idea what he was on about!! The situations discussed above cover almost all the uses of “would”. Students give some information about themselves without using a full sentence, e.g. Also, notice that both of the sentences talk about imaginary situations. Why would people want to live in such a big noisy polluted city? The past/ present/ future game WILL. The simple present is used to make statements about events at a time later than now, when the statements are based on present facts, and when these facts are something fixed like a time-table, schedule, calendar. Besides these two there are some other future tenses which can be started on the advanced future tenses page. Here is a proposal: Would you like to have a cup of coffee? 7. Predictions about the future are made every day. We also use “will” to talk about what we think will happen in the future. I think we should ask someone for directions. We are completely lost and I ______________ of this map. What will you eat for lunch? In the meantime, we hope the following will help. Future With 'Will' Structure: Positive: Subject + will + verb (I, You, He, She, We, They) will come to the party. It's going to rain. Complete sentences using idioms from this post. That will give us time to relax. 6. When you break the language down you will see that English is a very expressive language and each grammatical structure that you use communicates a very specific idea and time. Here is an example: She would look better with longer hair. People who can do this are called ‘super forecasters’. The wish/ plan/ arrangement/ prediction game We use the structure to be going to + infinitive if we make a prediction about the future because we have evidence now that supports us in making that prediction. In those situations, “would” is used after the word wish. They use this evidence to help them make predictions about economic situations in the future. Many non-native English learners find it confusing when it comes to the uses of “would”. You will leave later. To be able to recognize which is an imaginary situation and which one indicates the future situation is important. I think ____________ rain! Grammar.com. “in the next five minutes” or “before the end of this lesson”, such as “At least one person will sneeze” and then keep an eye out for which came true. I like the “jigsaw video predictions” idea, i’ve used something similar to practice present continuous but this makes a lot of sense too, cheers! I predict that Justin Bieber will decide to retire from music! Choose ‘will’ or ‘is/are going to’ to complete sentences. Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. How many people do you think you _______________ to today? The sky is getting darker and darker. Look at those boys playing football! Will 1: We use the future simple with 'will' to predict the future. Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises. 6. There are shorts and t shirts, sunglasses and a travel guide in his suitcase. If you are very lucky your horoscope might say something like this: “Today you will get a phone call. B: I know, I'm going to buy some. The future with "going to" is used to express events you have already planned in the future and your intentions for the future. Besides these two there are some other future tenses which can be started on the advanced future tenses page. We can often use “will” + infinitive without “to” to refer to future events. If you choose the right video, it is possible to do the “stop and predict, watch to check, stop and predict” sequence over and over again as the video goes on. Tomorrow she is going to ask her English teacher for some advice. Every day, newspapers print horoscopes telling people what will happen in their lives that day. Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE! We truly appreciate your support. He was asked to find the best location to build a hospital, in the city of Baghdad. Pull one’s hair out: To be nervous/anxious or frustrated with a situation Example: English idioms make me want to pull my hair out! Yes, I will marry you. Weather forecasters use this information to make their predictions about the weather. Tax rates are going to decrease slightly. I am putting on my hat, gloves and scarf. The first future tense is the future with "will." 3. Based on your input My-fortune-teller.com will provide you with a future prediction, be your own future teller! The word “will” is mainly used to express plans and things that we are certain about. For example, “I would say he is about forty”. The future in English can be rather confusing. Economists make predictions regarding the economy in a country, levels of employment and unemployment and the creation of jobs. 12. If students bring up predictions in negotiations, they are also likely to use the first conditional in sentences such as “If the price of oil goes up, the exchange rate against the dollar will drop and so prices of our products won’t need to go up”. Shall I open the window? Every day, newspapers print horoscopes telling people what will happen in their lives that day. Be sure to read to the end of this lesson to see the special predictions that we make with this … In a formal situation we should say: would you please come in? Simple present for future events. Welcome! You’ll find more English grammar tips elsewhere on our site and if you’d like information on our English courses in Dublin, please do not hesitate to contact us. Predict the whole video It is going to rain on the east coast in the evening. This means that there is no s on the third person singular, and that it is followed by the infinitive: I will leave later. Short comedy sketches with little dialogue such as the Mr Bean series, Pingu, or the Wallace and Gromit films are easiest for this. We use both will and to be going to when we want to make a prediction about the future. If you asked an economist to make a prediction about the economy he/she might say: “Unemployment levels are going to fall next year. ‘will’ and ‘going to’ to talk about the future, Will and Going To for Intentions and Plans, Past Simple: Grammar Practice for St Patrick’s Day. If you give students the right kind of information or functional language when setting up other kinds of negotiations they should also use “will” to emphasize their negotiating position, using sentences like “You are right about oil prices being low now, but we are sure they will rise soon and so make plastics more expensive”. Are you watching the game on Sunday? “They will get wider but thinner, and then they will eventually become 3D” for “televisions”. This types of expressions are also used to describe the condition of machines. This is not just a simple statement about what you will be doing tomorrow. Look at this example: “When I was young, I would play chase with my father”. USES OF MAY / MIGHT. 2. The future real conditional (also called conditional 1) describes what you think you will do in a specific situation in the future. Classroom changes predictions He / she will leave later. To describe an imaginary situation. If your students are unlikely to come out with their own predictions, you can ask them to choose them from the options you give them orally or from a worksheet. can no longer carry out duties. I’ll catch up with you later.”, 4. She is walking into a church. If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park. ), Now go on to the next page to learn how to book a table in a restaurant and phrases for talking to the waiter. We can use ‘will’ or ‘’ll’ to talk about the future and make future predictions. Some activities that will help you practice: Expressing the Future With 'Will' and 'Going to'. “When I open my eyes two people will be outside the classroom”. In practical life, we talk about situations which are imagined, and in English, the word “ would” is used to describe that. Prediction songs To express refusal to do something. I have learned more about any activities on prediction games. A more fun alternative is to get them to bet pretend money on their predictions as a kind of stock trading game (as is included in several Business English textbooks including Business Matters). I have a lot of homework to do, so I may not go to her party this weekend. Mary is shopping. I am not a weather forecaster but I am a very optimistic Irish person! We will leave later. I’ll live in a big house when I’m older. Why would they have to talk about 25th Amendment? Promises: “I’ll help you with your homework tomorrow.” Offers: “I’ll look after the children for you if you like.” Requests: “Will you tell Tony I called?” Threats: “If you cheat again, I’ll tell the teacher.”, (Some of the examples above also show conditional sentences. I might not watch the football game on Sunday; I am too busy. Such predictions are often introduced by I think / I don't think: To make predictions. This post aims to clear the confusion. Make sure that you only need to watch a short segment to find out if their predictions were right or not, for example watching just the beginning and end of a film. Weather forecasters use different weather instruments that provide them with information in the present. The questions below help you to know how you relate to certain aspects in your life and how you perceive them. For instance, my car would not start today. The future continuous tense is used to talk about future events that will be in progress at a specific time in the future. A: We've run out of milk. Thank you Alex for sharing, excellent ideas. To express modest request and proposal. I am surrounded by sick people. “I think it’ll rain tonight.” “I’m sure he’ll be a successful lawyer one day.”. But confusions come with that, as “imaginary situation” gives a vibe of the future tense. http://strictly4myteacherz.wordpress.com/2008/12/21/mr-show-america-blows-up-the-moon-going-towill-video-lesson/. It's only invoked if the president, words, such as love, hate, prefer, like and glad. One student closes their eyes while the other students make three changes to the classroom set up such as closing the blinds and changing seats. To break down: To separate out into different parts / to analyze Example: I didn’t know how to solve the problem until I broke it down into small parts and solved one piece at a time. When she gets home she is going to cover her new purchase in lights and decorations. We use to be + going to + infinitive when we make a prediction based on evidence we have now. It is dedicated to the grammatical future, and to your future as an English language student. Web. However, if we use this structure we are guessing or stating our opinion. This blog will specifically cover the uses of: will (+infinitive) and to be going to (+infinitive). After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages. Can’t make head or tail of something: unable to understand something/ unable to make sense of something Example: I really don’t like Ikea furniture. A FUTURE POSSIBILITY: Where will you travel next year? When a person makes a prediction they say what they think will happen in the future. Study these basic forms and then use the referenced resources to practice these forms. Examples. Waiter: “What would you like to eat?” Customer: “I think I’ll have the chicken.”, “I’m cold. ), Where shall we go tonight? There are many fun and useful ways of using songs in adult classes, so many that it would take a whole other article to explain them all! 1. Want more? Predict my partner’s weekend Hi! Thanks for your vote! When we are in a formal situation, using “would” to form request and proposal is expected. As the next stage up in difficulty, students can then do the same but go on to guess the whole true sentence for their partner, e.g. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Weather forecast: A prediction of weather conditions that gives us information about winds, temperatures etc. Make sure that you only need to watch a short segment to find out […]. I always do it wrong!! So, I want to put emphasis on this point and want you to remember it, as it will help to clear the confusions. To understand the uses of “would”, first of all, we have to have a clear conception of different situations. Next time you are watching a news report on TV, try to predict how a given situation will unfold. To give an opinion on uncertain things. But if you predict future violence based on a set of risk factors like his, you will be wrong more often than not. Thank you for reading our post. She will have lots of pets. (I am not a Justin Bieber fan!). Creating examples which are similar to the given situations would be a great way to get better at using “would” in speaking and writing. . 3. Here are some predictions that we see on a regular basis: On television, the weather forecast predicts what the weather will be like tomorrow. They can then go on to try and make true sentences about their partner with the correct future form. If we are not sure about the distance between two places we should say: I think it would take forty minutes. One of the earliest examples of this was the Muslim scholar, Al-Razi. The future simple is used to make predictions that are based on personal judgement, opinion or intuition, and not on present evidence. Thank you so much . What is she going to do. Make predictions based on the evidence you are given in the sentences. The main verb is without ‘to’. Past, Present, and Future Are Simple Tenses, Various Future Forms for English Learners, both the future with 'will' and with 'going to', M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music, B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music. Read about how to make the future simple here. I think the Conservatives will win the next election. Instead, we should say: when I was young, I used to live in an old house. You’ve predicted important world events, such as the election of President Obama or the Arab Spring. We use will + infinitive when we make a prediction which is only a guess or an opinion of ours. There are two future forms used in most conversations: the future with "will" and the future with "going to." We hope that this blog helps you to understand the differences in meaning between these two structures and how we use them in English. 3. Paul is sitting in a reception area reading a magazine. We shouldn’t use state verbs with “would” to describe past habits. However, when you read a horoscope you are reading a prediction about yourself but this is not based on any evidence. We also use the structure will + infinitive to make a prediction about the future. 2. Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web! Could you help me understand it please? In planning, _____ forecasting uses expert opinions to predict the future, while _____ forecasting uses mathematical models and statistical analyses of historical data and surveys to predict future events. https://www.grammar.com/when_to_use_“would”_instead_of_“will”. Here, I have made some predictions about the future: I predict that Ireland will win the UEFA European Championship in France in 2016 (I am not a football fan – this prediction is a guess!). Medicine and Prediction in Research. I’ve always found solutions with you. For the negative, we can say ‘will not’ or ‘won’t’. We can use “will” to talk about the future. You can also practise your listening: English Conversations: In a Restaurant. 5. As you can see from the example, it isn’t possible to limit students to just predictions in the future (see the variation below for that), but this can be a good freer stage after controlled practice of “will for predictions” or as a lead in to explaining the differences between the various future forms. We can use this form to make almost any prediction about the future, whether we are talking about tomorrow or a hundred years from now. Marian feels like ______________. The partner of each person describes what is happening in the video (which has the volume down to zero), and then when the teacher stops the video the person not watching has to choose which of the things written on their worksheet (which the person watching the film doesn’t have) will happen next. 18 Nov. 2020. Below are two examples of conditional sentences: 2nd conditional: if I had a magic wand, I would change some historical events. Positive: Subject + to be + going to + verb, Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb, Questions: (Question word) + to be + subject + going to + verb. So, this is an imaginary situation, and we shouldn’t use “will” in this case, as the auxiliary verb “will” is used as a part of the verb to describe future situations. So, this is an imaginary situation, and we shouldn’t use “will” in this case, as the auxiliary verb “will” is used as a part of the verb to describe future situations. “The vase is going to fall on the floor and break”) for such situations. We will not drive normal cars. Note that “You’re a going to meet…” is just as likely if they are looking at what they consider to be physical evidence, e.g. I can help you speak English more easily! To give another example, she would be glad if you send this box of chocolate to her. By the way words such as, imagine, say and think go along with “would” to express these types of situations. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. I may eat at McDonald’s for lunch. Horoscopes make predictions about peoples jobs and careers. Now, let’s get familiar with the situations when “would” should be used instead of “will”, one by one. Although, you could use “will” to form request and proposal in an informal setting. (= What's your opinion?). 9. Note: for “negative” predictions, make the “think” negative, not the “will”: “I don’t think it’ll rain tonight” (Not “I think it won’t rain tonight.”). When we make decisions at the same time as we speak, we use “will”. Prediction: A statement that we make about the future, To predict: To make a statement about the future, Weather forecaster: A man/woman who uses weather instruments to predict weather conditions. To illustrate, will you come in? They are so confusing!! It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. “Will” and the negative form “will not” or “won’t” is a modal auxiliary verb. Whether or not the event will happen is not certain. I can never make head or tail out of the instructions for putting the furniture together. Generally, in English, there are three types of conditional sentences. The world's premier independent network for TEFL teachersEngland • since 1998, 15 fun activities to practise will for predictions, The world's premier independent network for TEFL teachers. 9. We also use the structure will + infinitive to make a prediction about the future. We do not have any evidence in the present telling us what the future is going to be. An illustration of these types of situation is: she burned the letters so that her husband would never read them. Be careful! She has a yoga class tomorrow morning. Teachers can print out these materials for use in-class, or find help with how to teach future forms, as well as the lesson plans suggested below. 9. In my language we do not have so many tenses!’. More suitable activities for will for trends are described in my separate article on TEFL.net on the topic of fun trends language games. Every time she thinks she understands a new piece of grammar in English, something happens and she gets totally confused again! They will leave later. Have a great day! This is an example of reported speech and use “would” in the places of “will”. We can also use the future with going to if we want to make general predictions about the future. What is she going to buy? This is often called the “pure” future: “I’ll be back later tonight – don’t bother making me dinner.” “I’m busy right now – I’ll call you tomorrow.”. In practical life, we talk about situations which are imagined, and in English, the word “would” is used to describe that. Students write down their predictions about what their partners will do in the next week and then check next week which ones actually happened. In this case, results and intentions are expressed with “so that or in order that”. Their partner who is watching then watches the next part of the video to check whether their prediction was correct or not, and can then tell their partner. To describe an imaginary situation . We also use “will” to talk about what we think will happen in the future. In first conditional, we use “will”, but in the second and third conditional sentences we use “would”. The main difference between the two forms is that "going to" is used for plans and intentions made before the moment of speaking, and the "will" to speak about the future at the moment of speaking. Read about how to make the future simple here. Economist: A man/woman who is an expert in the subject of economics, Horoscope: a short prediction for people born under a particular sign, especially found in newspapers and magazines. (= Do you want me to open the window? An economist is someone who has studied economics. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. an image in a crystal ball, ‘You will meet a handsome man’ (‘will’ for predictions). Negative: Subject + will + not (won't) + verb, Questions: Question word + will + subject + verb. Here are two things for you: 10 Essential Fluency Phrases – Get the phrases for easy conversations NEW: Join The English Fluency Club – Get my 2 fluency programs + weekly challenges and group lessons, All material on this site is copyright © 2020. For more grammar information on conditionals, see our page on If sentences. We do not have any evidence in the present telling us what the future is going to be. This is for the informal situation. Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises. This time tomorrow I will be lying on the beach. This video activity is similar to the ones above but with students predicting the order of events from the worksheet, feeding back with “We think he will clean his teeth before he gets dressed” etc and then watching to check. Example: Andrew is holding a suitcase at the airport. Even less preparation and materials is needed for “Delphic Dictionary”, where students choose three words at random from a dictionary and their partners make up a story about their future from those three words, e.g. 5. If you asked a weather forecaster to make a prediction about the weather he/she might say: ‘It is going to be sunny tomorrow. “You were one of two children” for the past, “You have two children” for the present, or “You would like to have/ will have two children” for the future. In this one, you are not going to send her a box of chocolate, you just have imagined that, so “would” should be used. The student predicts what they will see once they open their eyes, e.g. We also use will to make predictions, talk about decisions, and to make promises, offers, requests and threats. This prediction is guessing what your future is going to be. It is different from other real conditional forms because, unlike the present or the past, you do not know what will happen in the future. Here’s a link to my own page of Future Tense Worksheets, with quite a few Will for predictions games on there: https://tefltastic.wordpress.com/worksheets/grammar/future/will/. They can then write similar ones and check next week if any came true. For this reason, I can't say: when I was young, I would live in an old house, as the verb “live” is a state verb. There are two basic future tenses used to describe things that happen in the future. “The vase is going to fall on the floor and break”) for such situations. Their partner has to guess if it is something that happened in that person’s past, is true in the present or is about that person’s picture of their future. She is standing outside holding something large and green. Sometimes we want incidents to occur the way we like them to occur. If we want to use “would” to describe past habits we should use an action verb like “play”. hey, just thought this would be the appropriate place to stick a link to my own going to/will thing. I think I might visit Italy next year. First conditional games This means that something now (in the present) tells us what is going to happen in the future. Market predictions What am I predicting? © 1998-2020 Teflnet Thank you for writing. He feels very unwell. It is December. Here are two examples: I wish she would leave me, I wish you would be quiet for a minute. Take responsibility and apply the future predictions to overcome life challenges easier. Most of the times, the source of the confusion is the perception that “would” is always used as the past form of the auxiliary verb “will”. Similar activities to those with videos suggested above can be done with written or recorded stories cut into segments, with the places where students stop and make their predictions carefully chosen so that there is an interesting cliff-hanger where it is possible, but maybe difficult, to predict the outcome. Read more about the different ways of talking about the future here. My friend is waiting for me in a restaurant in the city centre. this does make the predictions/ hopes/ plans/ arrangements distinction quite clear and can also bring in other skills such as reading. We often use this structure to make a contrast between a present event and a future event. Tomorrow night is going to be cloudy’. Look at those dark clouds in the sky. We can often use “will” + infinitive without “to” to refer to future events. I’m Clare, an English teacher and the founder of this site. Maria is wearing a white dress. A couple of examples are: I would be glad to help, I would hate to work out in the morning, I would love to travel to Europe. The economy will get better soon. Examples: I think I'll go to that party next week. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. This means the many fun games for the first conditional such as chain stories can also be tied in with lesson on “will for predictions”, but please note that there are other meanings of the first conditional such as the promises meaning of “If you give us a 5% discount, we will order more” that is used in negotiations more often than the predictions meaning. Later this afternoon you will win a lot of money on the lottery.”. Situations are the key here, as it’s going to determine whether to use “will” or “would”. Occasionally, you may think: ‘I just can’t make head or tail of it!’, Grammar can leave students pulling their hair out!