Rabindranath Tagore – Dichter, Denker, Reformator Sehr ausführliche NZZ-Rezension der Kämpchen-Werkausgabe von Peter Schreiner, Indologe an der Universität Zürich. Eine achtbändige deutschsprachige Werkausgabe publizierte der Kurt Wolff Verlag im Herbst 1921. [132] Yet he lampooned the Swadeshi movement; he rebuked it in The Cult of the Charkha, an acrid 1925 essay. There are eight Tagore museums. Among these Tagore highlights "identity [...] conceived of as dharma."[108]. Some of Tagore's lyrics corresponded in a synesthetic sense with particular paintings. Even illiterate villagers sing his songs". He learned drawing, anatomy, geography and history, literature, mathematics, Sanskrit, and English—his least favourite subject. Kanchenjungha | Ray verzichtete auch auf die Einbindung von Interviews mit Weggefährten, die 20 Jahre nach Tagore noch leicht zu bekommen gewesen wären. The two-storey museum building has four rooms on the first floor and two rooms on the ground floor at present. Apus Weg ins Leben: Auf der Straße | Rabindranath Tagore ist ein halbdokumentarischer Film von Satyajit Ray. Die für europäische Leser völlig unbekannte Metaphorik beeindruckte die Ersthörer seiner Gedichte in England zutiefst. Tagore was a man ahead of his time. [44], In 1890 Tagore began managing his vast ancestral estates in Shelaidaha (today a region of Bangladesh); he was joined there by his wife and children in 1898. Oktober 1913 aus Shantiniketan. Rabindranath bereiste sowohl alleine als auch mit seiner Familie Nordindien und erlebte eine Phase hoher schöpferischer Produktivität. Hemingway (1954) | Her abrupt suicide in 1884, soon after he married, left him profoundly distraught for years. Das Ehepaar hatte fünf Kinder, von denen drei bereits in frühen Jahren starben.[3]. Rabindranath Thakur?/i (bengalisch .mw-parser-output .Beng{font-size:110%}রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর .mw-parser-output .Latn{font-family:"Akzidenz Grotesk","Arial","Avant Garde Gothic","Calibri","Futura","Geneva","Gill Sans","Helvetica","Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","Lucida Grande","Stone Sans","Tahoma","Trebuchet","Univers","Verdana"}Rabīndranāth Ṭhākur, [.mw-parser-output .IPA a{text-decoration:none}ɾobin̪d̪ɾonat̪ʰ ʈʰakuɾ]; * 7. Ein ideologischer Anknüpfungspunkt war eine der Bengalischen Renaissance vergleichbare Kulturbewegung auf Java, die sich Boedi Oetomo („edelstes Streben“) nannte. Tagore was deemed over-rated by some. Such stories mostly borrow from the lives of common people. [110], Besides Gitanjali, other notable works include Manasi, Sonar Tori ("Golden Boat"), Balaka ("Wild Geese" — the title being a metaphor for migrating souls)[111], Tagore's poetic style, which proceeds from a lineage established by 15th- and 16th-century Vaishnava poets, ranges from classical formalism to the comic, visionary, and ecstatic. Laxness (1955) | Tagore despised rote classroom schooling: in "The Parrot's Training", a bird is caged and force-fed textbook pages—to death. [14], Surrounded by several painters Rabindranath had always wanted to paint. Pratidwandi | "[61] To the end Tagore scrutinised orthodoxy—and in 1934, he struck. Agnon/Sachs (1966) | [87] In early 1930 he left Bengal for a nearly year-long tour of Europe and the United States. Two | Sukumar Ray | Jensen (1944) | Beckett (1969) | Bunin (1933) | Rabindranath Tagore hat 1932 bei der Abfilmung einer Aufführung seines Stückes Nadir Puja selbst Regie geführt. "[5][171] William Radice, who "English[ed]" his poems, asked: "What is their place in world literature? [19], Aquarelle und Zeichnungen von ihm zeigte 1930 die Galerie Ferdinand Möller in Berlin-Schöneberg; anschließend überließ Tagore in einem Brief an Ludwig Justi der Nationalgalerie ausgewählte Bilder als Geschenk.[20]. Some controversies[f] involving Tagore, possibly fictive, trashed his popularity and sales in Japan and North America after the late 1920s, concluding with his "near total eclipse" outside Bengal. Auf seiner zweiten Europareise starb er hochverschuldet. Churchill (1953) | Rabindranath Tagore war Rays erste Dokumentarfilmarbeit. Parash Pathar | Amartya Sen deemed Tagore a "towering figure", a "deeply relevant and many-sided contemporary thinker". In Ermangelung ausreichenden Dokumentarfilmmaterials griff Ray teils auf mit Schauspielern nachgespielte Episoden aus Tagores Leben zurück. This period was among Tagore's most fecund, yielding more than half the stories contained in the three-volume Galpaguchchha, which itself is a collection of eighty-four stories. Apus Weg ins Leben: Apus Welt | Lagerlöf (1909) | Yet he tried repeatedly to master the art and there are several references to this in his early letters and reminiscence. Rabindranath Tagore (1861.-1941. Pasternak (1958) | Bellow (1976) | [62] He mourned the perennial poverty of Calcutta and the socioeconomic decline of Bengal, and detailed these newly plebeian aesthetics in an unrhymed hundred-line poem whose technique of searing double-vision foreshadowed Satyajit Ray's film Apur Sansar. Author of the "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse" of Gitanjali,[3] he became in 1913 the first non-European as well as the first lyricist to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. [59][60], Dutta and Robinson describe this phase of Tagore's life as being one of a "peripatetic litterateur". Als sich 1884 Rabindranaths Schwägerin Kadambari aus ungeklärten Gründen das Leben nahm, traf ihn dies zutiefst. Andrić (1961) | nicht verliehen (1914) | Primitivism: a pastel-coloured rendition of a, Tagore's Bengali-language initials are worked into this "Ro-Tho" (of RAbindranath THAkur) wooden seal, stylistically similar to designs used in traditional. [77][154][155] Bengali culture is fraught with this legacy: from language and arts to history and politics. Scholochow (1965) | Rainer Maria Rilke ist jener moderne Klassiker, der unter den Deutschen Tagore am nächsten stand und ihn schon vor seinem über Nacht entstandenen Ruhm verehrte. August 1941 ebenda) war ein bengalischer Dichter, Philosoph, Maler, Komponist, Musiker und Brahmo-Samaj-Anhänger, der 1913 den Nobelpreis für Literatur erhielt und damit der erste asiatische Nobelpreisträger war. Saramago (1998) | 1924 wurde er in den 33. Kertész (2002) | Camus (1957) | [105] Many of the other Galpaguchchha stories were written in Tagore's Sabuj Patra period from 1914 to 1917, also named after one of the magazines that Tagore edited and heavily contributed to. Years later he held that proper teaching does not explain things; proper teaching stokes curiosity:[30], After his upanayan (coming-of-age rite) at age eleven, Tagore and his father left Calcutta in February 1873 to tour India for several months, visiting his father's Santiniketan estate and Amritsar before reaching the Himalayan hill station of Dalhousie. [151] It inspired the fictional film Nobel Chor. "[171][173] The translated Tagore was "almost nonsensical",[174] and subpar English offerings reduced his trans-national appeal: Anyone who knows Tagore's poems in their original Bengali cannot feel satisfied with any of the translations (made with or without Yeats's help). Tagore and his wife Mrinalini Devi, 1883 Die Dokumentation endet mit seinen letzten zehn Lebensjahren in Shantiniketan, von denen mehrere Originalaufnahmen vorhanden sind. Der Film ist mit englischsprachigem Originalkommentar von Satyajit Ray gesprochen, denn dieser Film sollte in allen Teilen Indiens verstanden werden können. His works are frequently noted for their rhythmic, optimistic, and lyrical nature. Böll (1972) | 6 Dwarkanath Tagore Lane, Jorasanko – the address of the main mansion (the. Er besuchte zunächst in Brighton eine Schule, hörte dann an der University of London Vorlesungen in Literatur und nahm am gesellschaftlichen Leben teil. [7] Rabindranaths in dieser Periode entstandene Schulbücher gehören bis heute zur Pflichtlektüre in Bengalen. Neruda (1971) | [14][40] In 1880 he returned to Bengal degree-less, resolving to reconcile European novelty with Brahmo traditions, taking the best from each. [33], He wrote 6 poems relating to Sikhism and a number of articles in Bengali child magazine about Sikhism.[34]. [36] He debuted in the short-story genre in Bengali with "Bhikharini" ("The Beggar Woman"). Tagore's father invited several professional Dhrupad musicians to stay in the house and teach Indian classical music to the children. There are seven doors, six windows and wall almirahs on the first floor. Bala | Are the elements rebellious, dynamic with individual impulse? The resultant travelogues compose Jatri (1929). [139] Though somewhat critical of Gandhian activism,[140] Tagore was key in resolving a Gandhi–Ambedkar dispute involving separate electorates for untouchables, thereby mooting at least one of Gandhi's fasts "unto death". [45] As Zamindar Babu, Tagore criss-crossed the Padma River in command of the Padma, the luxurious family barge (also known as "budgerow"). Mommsen (1902) | Faulkner (1949) | Tagore's works circulated in free editions around 1920—alongside those of Plato, Dante, Cervantes, Goethe, and Tolstoy. Deledda (1926) | Every year on 25–27 Baishakh (after the Bengali New Year Celebration), cultural programs are held here which lasts for three days. Quasimodo (1959) | Zu seinen Errungenschaften gehörten die Gründung von Banken und Genossenschaften, Schulen, Krankenhäusern und der Bau von Verkehrswegen. Lively English, Irish, and Scottish folk tunes impressed Tagore, whose own tradition of Nidhubabu-authored kirtans and tappas and Brahmo hymnody was subdued. In Jogajog (Relationships), the heroine Kumudini—bound by the ideals of Śiva-Sati, exemplified by Dākshāyani—is torn between her pity for the sinking fortunes of her progressive and compassionate elder brother and his foil: her roue of a husband. (und damit höchsten) Grad der Freimaurerei nach dem Schottischen Ritus (AASR) aufgenommen. Geburtstags Rabindranath Tagores im Mai 1961. "Tagore" redirects here. Undset (1928) | [23] Tagore's oldest brother Dwijendranath was a philosopher and poet. Er war gegen den britischen Kolonialismus. Tagore wurde als Gurudeb bezeichnet, ein Ehrentitel, der sich auf Guru und Deva bezieht. Ishiguro (2017) | [35] Regional experts accepted them as the lost works of the fictitious poet. It is also the place where he spent most of his childhood and where he died on 7 August 1941. Tagore visited this place several times in his life. In the first, Tagore inscribes Bengali society via its heroine: a rebellious widow who would live for herself alone. Modiano (2014) | Mahanagar (Die große Stadt) | [57][58] In the early 1930s he targeted ambient "abnormal caste consciousness" and untouchability. Nach diversen Schulwechseln brach er seine Ausbildung mit 14 Jahren ohne Abschluss ab. He lectured against these, he penned Dalit heroes for his poems and his dramas, and he campaigned—successfully—to open Guruvayoor Temple to Dalits. Pinter (2005) | [85] He had earlier enthused: "[w]ithout any doubt he is a great personality. Three in India and five in Bangladesh: Jorasanko Thakur Bari (Bengali: House of the Thakurs; anglicised to Tagore) in Jorasanko, north of Kolkata, is the ancestral home of the Tagore family. In the United States, Tagore's lecturing circuits, particularly those of 1916–1917, were widely attended and wildly acclaimed. From your blossoming garden gather fragrant memories of the vanished flowers of an hundred years before. Eine der Geschichten ist die im Jahr 1891 entstandene und sehr bekannt gewordene Novelle Der Postmeister, die später auch eindrucksvoll verfilmt wurde. Der Tod einer seiner wichtigsten Bezugspersonen aus frühester Kindheit beeinflusste über lange Jahre sein Werk. Russell (1950) | But painting eluded him. With it, Tagore sought to moderate Gandhi's Swaraj protests, which he occasionally blamed for British India's perceived mental – and thus ultimately colonial – decline. [8] At the age of sixteen, he released his first substantial poems under the pseudonym Bhānusiṃha ("Sun Lion"), which were seized upon by literary authorities as long-lost classics. O’Neill (1936) | On the occasion of Tagore's 150th birthday, an anthology (titled Kalanukromik Rabindra Rachanabali) of the total body of his works is currently being published in Bengali in chronological order. [8] Ein Grund hierfür mag sein, dass Rabindranath durch seine Mitgliedschaft in einer Freimaurerloge, in die er „bereits in jungen Jahren initiiert“[9] worden war, durchaus einen Zugang zu jenen esoterischen Vorstellungen hatte, die manche mit ihm verbanden. Um seinem unsteten Leben eine feste Basis zu geben, verheiratete seine Familie ihn 1883 mit der zehnjährigen Bhabatarini (Mrinalini) Devi (1874–1902) aus Jessore, ebenfalls aus einer Pirali-Brahmanenfamilie; sie war die Tochter eines Angestellten auf den elterlichen Plantagen, die kaum formale Schulbildung genossen hatte, aber bis zu ihrem frühen Tod mit 29 Jahren an Rabindranaths Schaffen (zum Beispiel bei Theateraufführungen) lebhaft Anteil nahm. Le Clézio (2008) | [104] In particular, such stories as "Kabuliwala" ("The Fruitseller from Kabul", published in 1892), "Kshudita Pashan" ("The Hungry Stones") (August 1895), and "Atithi" ("The Runaway", 1895) typified this analytic focus on the downtrodden. The youngest of 13 surviving children, Tagore (nicknamed "Rabi") was born Robindronath Thakur on 7 May 1861 in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta, the son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) and Sarada Devi (1830–1875). Als Lyriker und Dramatiker wurde er ein Pionier der bengalischen Bühnenkunst; erst 1872 war in Kalkutta ein erstes öffentliches Theater gegründet worden. In the period 1914–1922, the Jiménez-Camprubí pair produced twenty-two Spanish translations of Tagore's English corpus; they heavily revised The Crescent Moon and other key titles. Inhaltlich flossen bis dato unbekannte Motive in die Kurzprosa ein: das bäuerliche Leben und dessen Armut, aber auch das Leben in der Großfamilie, die zerbrechliche Beziehung der Geschlechter darin und soziale Missstände. Die 1908 von Raden Soetomo (1888–1938) gegründete elitäre Organisation, die nur Indonesiern offenstand, sah in Tagore ein Vorbild für die erstrebte Kombination aus westlichem Bildungsideal und eigener nationaler Identität.[15]. Da Ray die Übertragungen Tagor’scher Lyrik ins Englische für wenig gelungen hielt, verzichtete er auf Rezitationen von Gedichten Tagores. Tagore was influenced numerous styles, including scrimshaw by the Malanggan people of northern New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, Haida carvings from the Pacific Northwest region of North America, and woodcuts by the German Max Pechstein. [121] Yet about nine-tenths of his work was not bhanga gaan, the body of tunes revamped with "fresh value" from select Western, Hindustani, Bengali folk and other regional flavours "external" to Tagore's own ancestral culture.[14]. Sikkim | Tagore began his career in short stories in 1877—when he was only sixteen—with "Bhikharini" ("The Beggar Woman"). [46] He met Gagan Harkara, through whom he became familiar with Baul Lalon Shah, whose folk songs greatly influenced Tagore. Tagore family had close connection with Dakkhindihi village. Tokarczuk (2018) | Seifert (1984) | nicht verliehen (1940–1943) | Lebensdaten der Eltern und Geschwister bei William Raidice. [103] The four years from 1891 to 1895 are known as Tagore's "Sadhana" period (named for one of Tagore's magazines). Some songs mimicked a given raga's melody and rhythm faithfully; others newly blended elements of different ragas. [41] After returning to Bengal, Tagore regularly published poems, stories, and novels. Though his novels remain among the least-appreciated of his works, they have been given renewed attention via film adaptations by Ray and others: Chokher Bali and Ghare Baire are exemplary. [146] Tagore employed a brahmacharya system: gurus gave pupils personal guidance—emotional, intellectual, and spiritual. Rabindranath Tagore, also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, was a polymath, poet, musician, and artist from the Indian subcontinent. By way of translations, Tagore influenced Chileans Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral; Mexican writer Octavio Paz; and Spaniards José Ortega y Gasset, Zenobia Camprubí, and Juan Ramón Jiménez. Civilisation must be judged and prized, not by the amount of power it has developed, but by how much it has evolved and given expression to, by its laws and institutions, the love of humanity. The building has eight windows on the ground floor and 21 windows on the first floor. Gao (2000) | Pamuk (2006) | Nach fünf Jahren zog sich Rabindranath nach Shantiniketan zurück und widmete sich erneut seiner pädagogischen und literarischen Arbeit, was ihm von einigen Seiten als „Verrat an der nationalen Sache“ ausgelegt wurde. There the sacred chanting resounds continually. The biographer of Rabindranath Tagore, Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyaya wrote in the first volume of his book Rabindrajibani O Rabindra Sahitya Prabeshak that,.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, The Kusharis were the descendants of Deen Kushari, the son of Bhatta Narayana; Deen was granted a village named Kush (in Burdwan zilla) by Maharaja Kshitisura, he became its chief and came to be known as Kushari. Morrison (1993) | [102] With this, Tagore effectively invented the Bengali-language short story genre. The Inner Eye |